Stendhal (real name Marie-Henri Beyle) author of le Rouge et le Noir (The Red and the Black 1830) and La Chartreuse de Parme (The Charterhouse of Parma 1839). An inveterate womaniser Stendhal suffered terribly from syphilis in his later years. He collapsed with a seizure on the streets of Montmorillon in 1842. He is buried in the Cimitière de Montmartre in Paris.
August von Kotzbue a German dramatist and author was enormously popular in his day. Later in life his political views were not popular and he was murdered whilst on holiday in Montmorillon on 23 march 1819.